Giovanni Battista Guadagnini (1711–1786)

1753–7 Violin, Milan 'The Adelaide'

Carmel Hakendorf was a virtuoso violinist who, in the early 1950s, was invited by Sir John Barbirolli to give her debut in London. Unfortunately the excitement of the invitation was overshadowed by the poor quality of her violin. Determined to ensure that this young artist had an instrument worthy of her considerable talent, the Music Committee of South Australia launched a public subscription, which with the help of several performances by Carmel, raised 1,750 pounds. With this considerable sum they purchased a magnificent violin crafted by Giovanni Battista Guadagnini in Milan in 1753–7.

In August 1955 the South Australian Guadagnini Violin Trust was established to preserve the violin for future generations. Miss Hakendorf held the violin for many years and was a member of the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra. Following her retirement, the violin was lent to a number of well-known violinists including William Hennessy, Jane Peters, Sophie Rowell and, most recently, Paul Wright.

Now 60 years later, the violin is valued at US$1M. No additional funds were raised to cover its ongoing maintenance and insurance and the instrument was at risk of falling into disrepair. UKARIA agreed to become custodians and the Supreme Court of South Australia appointed it trustee in 2013.


In 2015 the violin returned to Cremona, Italy for restoration at the workshop of Eric Blot, an international expert in fine Italian instruments. Based in the city made famous by Stradivari, Eric and his team see many of the world’s greatest instruments. After much discussion, restorer Barthélemy Garnier set to work and completely changed the set up (every item that is not original and needs to be replaced from time to time). The results were astounding and the violin has a much richer voice with more power particularly in the middle and lower registers. It was also pains-takingly cleaned so it now looks museum quality.

The Board was so delighted with the transformation that it decided the violin needed a new name to reflect its true character and beauty. At the suggestion of Kerry Heysen-Hicks, who made a contribution to the public subscription when she was in grade two, the instrument will now be known as 'The Adelaide'.


Guadagnini is often referred to as the last of the great master luthiers of the 'golden age' of string instruments, in company with Antonio Stradivari and Guarneri del Gesù. Over the course of his seventy-five-year life, Guadagnini made around 403 violins, twenty-one violas, thirty-nine cellos, and three double basses. His nomadic existence, moving as he did from town to town (Piacenza, Milan, Parma, and finally Turin) enabled Guadagnini to produce instruments that were inimitable expressions of the environment in which they were made. Today, Guadagnini's instruments are among the most coveted in the world, as much for their sound as the cultural potency they now possess.

Maker: Giovanni Battista Guadagnini (1711–1786)

Origin: Milan, Italy

Made: 1753–7

Current Player: Natsuko Yoshimoto (Concertmaster, Adelaide Symphony Orchestra)

Sound Notes: Rich and powerful in middle and lower registers

Owner: South Australian Guadagnini Violin Trust

Custodians: UKARIA

Date Acquired: 1955

Date Loaned to Yoshimoto: 2019


In 2019 the violin was awarded to Natsuko Yoshimoto for a term of three years.

"I was immediately drawn to the warmth and the roundness of the Guadagnini's tone. It has such depth of sound that it really has a three dimensional quality. I was also amazed by it's incredible responsiveness. I feel like it has endless colour and dynamics to offer and it's up to me to just keep discovering, keep on experimenting and exploring. I feel extremely honoured and privileged to be the custodian of the Guadagnini."

– Natsuko Yoshimoto

Born in Japan, Natsuko began playing the violin at the age of three. She studied at the Yehudi Menuhin School and Royal Northern College of Music in England and the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. She received direct guidance and teaching under Lord Menuhin and Wen Zhou Li.

She has won many prizes in international competitions including the Wieniawski, Menuhin and Tibor Varga and the Gold Medal in both the prestigious 1994 Shell/London Symphony Orchestra Competition and the Orchestra Ensemble Kanazawa Award and the Iwaki Award for outstanding achievement as a Japanese artist.

In great demand as a soloist, she has appeared with many world renowned orchestras including the London Symphony Orchestra, Philharmonia (London), Halle Orchestra, Odense Symphony (Denmark), Tokyo Symphony Orchestra, Tokyo Philharmonic, Orchestra Ensemble Kanazawa, Hong Kong Sinfonietta, Melbourne Symphony and Adelaide Symphony Orchestra.

Until 2020 Natsuko held the position of Concertmaster with the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, and has recently accepted an engagement as Co-Concertmaster of the Queensland Symphony Orchestra. She frequently appears as guest Concertmaster with other major orchestras in Australia and Asia. She was the leader of the Australian String Quartet and then the Grainger Quartet until the end of 2008. She has performed and collaborated in chamber music with many illustrious musicians including Pinchas Zukerman, Heinz Holliger, Anthony Marwood, Cristina Ortiz, Jonathan Kelly, Li-Wei Qin and Brett Dean and continues to perform chamber music regularly as a guest artist with various groups and musicians.

Natsuko is also a passionate teacher and has given masterclasses in many renowned institutions such as Royal Northern College of Music, Shanghai, Beijing Conservatories and Hong Kong Performing Arts and teaches violin and chamber music at the Conservatorium of Music in Queensland and at the University of Queensland.

She has given many world premieres of works by Australia's most prominent composers and has recorded for Virgin Classics, ABC Classics, Melba Records and Tall Poppies.

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